Tibetan Consonants and Their Sounds

Spoken by Ge-she Ge-lek-cho-dak

Instructions:

Click on individual characters to play them once. Click on row or column headers to play entire row or column (up to the red dividing line where the regular pattern stops).

You can also play a guessing game by using the checkboxes at the bottom and right to select columns/rows/cells. Pressing the spacebar will play a randomly selected character from among the selection. Click on the cells to guess which sound is being played. If you are correct, you will hear a "ding" and a new character will be played. You can press the space bar again to hear the sound again. To skip to a new character without guessing, press shift-space bar.

High tone, no aspiration

Medium tone, heavy aspiration

Low tone, semi-aspirant

Low tone, nasal

Gutterals

Sound produced from throat

ga
ka
kha
kha
ka
ga
nga
nga

Palatals

Tongue touching hard palate

ja
ca
cha
cha
cha
ja
nya
nya

Dentals

Tongue touching back of front teeth

da
ta
tha
tha
ta
da
na
na

Labials

Made using lips

ba
pa
pha
pha
pa
ba
ma
ma

First three are palatals made with tongue touching hard palate, but also making z or s sound.

dza
tsa
tsha
tsha
dza
dza
wa
wa

First two are low tone sibilants. Last two are the short "a" and a semivowel "ya".

sha
zha
sa
za
a
'a
ya
ya

First two are remaining semivowels. Last two are high tone sibilants.

ra
ra
la
la
sha
sha
sa
sa

Last letter is the prevalent "a" sound.

ha
ha
a
a